Land of my Fathers

by Vamba Sherif (Hope Road Publishing, ISBN 9781908446497)

This admirable novel from one of Liberia’s foremost writers is certainly ambitious in scope, beginning shortly after the establishment of the Liberian state by freed American slaves in the 19th century and taking us right up to the recent strife in that country.

We begin with Edward Richard, ex-slave and preacher, who sails to Liberia in search of a lost love. Once established in the country, he travels to the interior, moving from village to village among the indigenous people who have an edgy, fractious relationship with the newcomers. In the far north, he befriends a tribal leader, Halay, who is to play a central role in the turmoil and violence to come. Halay sacrifices himself in the belief, shared by his people, that his death will prevent war coming to the land. How that compact is tested and finally, in two bloody civil wars, rent asunder is the subject matter of this book.

The story is told through the chronol­ogies of the protagonists and there is much evocative writing here, particularly in the stories of Edward and Halay’s respective childhoods. If the time-line is occasionally a little confused and confusing – dwelling on tiny details then jumping forward years – this does not really detract from a novel where atmosphere and mood predominate over plot. Land of my Fathers is a fine novel with much to say about colonialism and community, the sense of place and the universal need to belong.

Star rating:★★★
Reviewer: Peter Whittaker

Advertising shits in your head

by Anonymous (Dog Section Press, ISBN 9780993543517)

Coming in at only 48 pages, this is a brilliant primer for those who have not caught up with the growing global movement of ‘subvertisers’ – people who reclaim public space used for advertising and replace the adverts with either art or political messaging. The practice has attracted considerable coverage since 2012 in Britain with the rise of Brandalism and the Special Patrol Group, two prolific gangs of subvertisers whose output has consistently grabbed media coverage, garnering much support and praise within popular culture. They achieved a residency at Banksy’s ‘Dismaland’ in 2015 and a wildly popular spot at Glastonbury Festival. This is a powerful and creative way for people to counter the inescapable nightmare of being bombarded with thousands of adverts a day (3,500 in London) burrowing into your head uninvited and feeding the death cult of consumerism. ‘Advertising is not about catering to existing needs, but creating new desires. Not only desires but insecurities as well, because we cannot desire without feeling we lack something.’

Advertising shits in your head provides alarming research and theory on the effects of the industry; a history of subvertising (going back to the early 1970s); advice about how to take part (including legal information) and several stunning case studies. Essential reading for all who want to fight back against ‘the most powerful and sustained system of propaganda in human history’.

Star rating:★★★★
Reviewer: Jamie Kelsey Fry

Creating Freedom

by Raoul Martinez (Canongate, ISBN 9781782111818)

As the author says in his introduction to this thought-provoking book, the idea of freedom is everywhere in society. From free trade to free speech, free will to free thought, the concept saturates the way we think and behave. However, Martinez argues, once we begin to question the assumptions we are brought up with and examine the reality behind the rhetoric, a darker picture emerges, in which we are much less free than we imagine.

Martinez structures his argument around the concepts of ‘The Lottery of Birth’, which interrogates the principle that we are free to make informed decisions in a world of our choosing, and ‘The Illusion of Consent’ which challenges the conventional wisdom regarding the freedom of elections, markets and media. He draws on a wealth of examples in challenging these sacred cows, from Orwell to Chomsky, Stanley Milgram to Joseph Stiglitz, and his argument is sound and persuasive. Having established the limits of our freedom, he proposes a manifesto for expanding its boundaries, which encompasses, but is not limited to, the notions of creativity, knowledge and empathy.

Lengthy and closely argued, Creating Freedom is eminently readable with an elegance of style not often found in theoretical works. It is no less than a rallying cry to take back the substance rather than the illusions of our freedoms. As Martinez says: ‘With the flicker of consciousness that interrupts an eternity of non-existence, we can do valuable things with our power to choose. The more inspiring our vision, the more meaning we will take from participating in its creation.’

Star rating:★★★★★
Reviewer: Peter Whittaker

Rebel Crossings: New women, free lovers and radicals in Britain and the United States

by Sheila Rowbotham (Verso, ISBN 9781784785888)

In February 1897, over a vegetarian lunch in Boston, three women formed a rebel cell called The Sensible Skirt Vindicators and resolved to wear their spring outfits ‘a daring six inches from the ground’. Feminist historian Sheila Rowbotham’s collection of interweaving biographies of six activists excels in such details that illuminate the lives of free-thinking pioneers – four women, two men – on both sides of the Atlantic.

Rowbotham has long been fascinated by the self-educated shoemaker poets, the wire pullers and the bold individuals who first embraced socialism in Victorian Bristol and tried to create a co-operative, freer society. Rebel Crossings is the culmination of lifelong scholarship. It’s a labour of love and exhaustive archival research, with notes running to 70 pages.

Luckily, the author’s curiosity is catching. The brave and precarious lives of Helena Born, Miriam Daniell, William Bailee, Robert Allan Nicol, Gertrude Dix and Helen Tufts draw you in. But the book is as much about the ideas and influences – which ranged from anarchism, communism and unitarianism to Walt Whitman, William Morris and the occult – as the meandering fates of these idealists.

Rowbotham’s ‘little group of rebels’ may have lived long ago but their collective kitchens, their attempts to reimagine desire and meetings plagued by destructive intruders, will be familiar to any radical today. And as the author notes, their ‘liberty, love and solidarity’ are ideals that our contemporary society sorely needs.

Star rating:★★★★
Reviewer: Hazel Healy