In 2014, the Ebola haemorrhagic virus spread through West Africa. It was the longest, and most widespread outbreak in history, killing more than all past episodes combined. The three countries of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia were hardest hit.

Mortality rate

Spread by bodily fluids, Ebola is less infectious than measles or chicken pox. But it is one of the world’s most deadly diseases, after HIV and rabies.2

Poverty spreads Ebola

Economic impact9

Ebola response

Emergency medical and humanitarian aid

UN agencies, development banks, national governments and NGOs stumped up large sums to contain and control the outbreak.

Health services context, Sierra Leone

User fees block access

Invest to prevent

R&D spending5

Funding for Research and Development (R&D) in neglected diseases, 2014:

Pandemics, the new normal7

A recent report has warned of new infectious diseases in the pipeline that will spread fast in our globalized, ecologically fragile world.

  1. Centre for Disease Control
  5. G-FINDER report, 2014
  6. BBC News November, 2014
  7. The Neglected Dimension of Global Security, January 2016
  8. Office of the UN Special Envoy on Ebola
  9. The Independent, April 2016
  10. BBC News, September 2014
  11. Factsheet on health financing in Sierra Leone. Africa health budget network.
  12. Africa All-Party Parliamentary Group, February 2016.
  13. Health Poverty Action, 2015.
  14. WHO